Child Injury and its Types

Child injury is named as the leading cause of mortality rate for children who are 15 years old and below. A child injury is often caused unintentionally. Moreover, it would be surprising to know that a child injury occurs most often in the safety of a home. Some types of child injury can be considered minor and may not need constant medical attention while some can be categorized as a major child injury if frequent consultation with the doctor and regular treatment is required. If the child injury is experienced, it is important to assess how serious the injury might be. 

Common Types of a Child Injury

Though child injury could be many and in variety, they can be put into general categorizations. The severity of a child injury is an important factor to consider. If a child injury causes complications in breathing, blood circulation and the consciousness then the child must be brought to the hospital immediately.

  • Wounds

These may be open wounds, superficial wounds, incisions or lacerations. The location of the wounds, its size and shape should be observed. This type of child injury is often treated with the help of either antibiotics, vaccination or in some cases, sedation and anaesthetics would be necessary in the process of treating the wound.

  • Abrasions

This type of child injury can often be found in areas where there are more prominent bones like the knees, hips or the face. This is caused by gravel that grounded or had rough contact with the skin.

  • Bruises

These can often be treated by cold pack in the first few hours. However, medical attention is still needed. In some cases, there are bruising patterns experienced by children.

  • Burns

This should be given immediate first aid. Treatment should be applied by professionals to avoid complications such as infection.

  • Drowning

The usual response to drowning is CPR. Appropriate CPR procedures for children should be given as the children’s body are more fragile than those of adults’.

  • Fractures      and Sprains

This may be due to falling, slipping or traffic accidents. The children must be brought to the hospital to receive proper aid.

How Serious is the Child Injury?

Points in assessing a child injury include the following.

  • What type of child injury is it?
  • What body part/s is/are affected by      the child injury?
  • Where was the child injury      acquired?
  • How old is the injured child?

From these points, one can evaluate whether that certain child injury seeks immediate medical attention or not.